Hey its not just Peru, its locura everywhere, the idea that we can extract natural resources as quickly as possible from the Earth, shape them into commodities and throw them away at accelerating speeds, is kaput every where.
viva Marx, viva Elinor Ostrom, viva Aidesep...a possible world is possible, lets leave the impossible behind.
Servindi, March 28, 2010 .- The South American countries hold their savings in the extraction of natural resources, however the Executive Secretary of the Latin American Center Social Ecology (CLAES) Eduardo Gudynas said that this is not profitable.
The expert reported that in Ecuador were performed studies have shown that mining activities cause loss to the state, producing pollution and do not solve the poverty problem.
Gudynas Ecuador said that not only do not see improvement with resource extraction, but Peru has not made a profit, and has even had to take losses, such as this are extractive activities in Cajamarca, where the state would assume the environmental liabilities , according to a renowned economist specialized environment (Management).
In this situation, the expert said that the money allocated by the State to remedy environmental liabilities should be used in other activities.
While Gudynas said that resource extraction is no exit for development, will quit his day, which is necessary to discuss alternate routes.
For Carlos Monge, a member of Revenue Watch, you must bet on economic models that do not reinforce dependence on resource extraction, on the contrary, the country should seek other ways to get energy.
On the other hand, the economist said Jorge Manco Zaconetti is not against natural gas exports, but should evaluate the terms of the sale abroad and at what price will sell, if contracts are signed are lawful nature and above all projecting future domestic demand for gas in Peru not to take away.
In that regard, it recommended that the reserves of Block 88 are only for the domestic market, without limits or boundaries, and that royalties are renegotiated Lot 56, (whose reserves are for export) to make them favorable to the Peruvian state.
Aurelio Ochoa specialist remarked that despite the limited proven reserves committed to the domestic market in a few months will begin exporting natural gas without having first secured domestic demand satisfaction.
According to the audit by Gaffney, Cline & Associates, the total estimated proved reserves of 8.8 trillion cubic feet - TCF, but to meet natural gas demand for 2009 to 2029 is committed to 4.2 TCF export and at 4.6 TCF to ensure national domestic demand, where it has been estimated at 6.6 TCF.
That leaves unmet domestic demand of 2 TCF, which shows the prioritization of export without first ensuring our national industry.
The expert noted the case of Colombia, a country where gas is used by nearly half its population, of whom 87% are low income, whereas in our country only 0.07% of Peruvians use gas.
Given this, Cesar Gamboa, president of Law, Environment and Natural Resources (DAR) said that it is necessary to constitute a consistent and integrated energy policy, because at present there are only scattered rules.
These remarks came at the Symposium "Energy Policy and Amazon What awaits us?", Organized by Law, Environment and Natural Resources - Camisea DAR and Citizen